Gum Disease (Periodontal Disease)

Gum Disease (Periodontal Disease)Did you know that 7 out of 10 adults have active gum disease with symptoms from swollen gums, bleeding gums, bad breath, receding gums and loose teeth. The good news? Treatment is available & we can help.
If you have one or more of the following symptoms, you may have periodontal disease:
1. Gums that bleed easily.
2. Red, swollen, or tender gums.
3. Gums that have pulled away from your teeth.
4. Persistent bad breath.
5. Pus between the teeth and gums.
6. Loose or separating teeth.
7. A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite.
8. A change in the fit of your partial dentures.

Periodontal disease is caused by a sticky, colorless film of bacteria called plaque – that continually attacks your gums and teeth. Plaque reestablishes itself within about 36 hours to anywhere that has not been effectively cleaned. Over time, plaque hardens to form bacterial colonies called tartar – that cannot be removed with toothbrushes or floss. This is why we recommend regular dental hygiene care – it is one of the most cost effective ways to save your teeth!

Case Type I
This early stage, called gingivitis, is present when the gums are red, swollen, tender, and/or bleed easily. With effective home-care and professional dental care, this stage of periodontal disease is reversible.

Case Type II
This more advanced condition is present when bone loss has started to occur around one or more of the teeth. This results in deeper spaces called pockets – that make it more and more difficult to keep the teeth clean. This stage of disease requires therapeutic treatment and more frequent dental visits to maintain a healthy mouth.

Case Type III
At this stage of disease, the increasing depth of the pockets and the extent of the bone loss have a very guarded prognosis. Successful treatment often includes periodontal surgery. Appropriate periodontal maintenance visits are the most important factor in preventing the return of active disease.

Case Type IV
When periodontal disease has progressed to this stage, the remaining teeth are prone to abscess. Ongoing bone loss is nearly impossible to control, and replacing missing teeth may become very complex.

In general, the more damage periodontal disease causes, the greater the challenge to bring it under control.

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