Gum disease is caused by bacteria that invades your gum tissue. This infection can lead to soft tissue damage. If it’s left untreated for a few months, you may even start to develop bone damage. Proper dental care may halt the advance of gum disease and help you to save your teeth.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
In the early stage of gum disease, you may notice a bad taste in your mouth when brushing and flossing your teeth. This is likely because your gums are bleeding. You may also notice that your gum tissue is bright red in color and swollen. As gum disease worsens, your gums may recede, exposing more of your tooth’s root. This may lead to increased sensitivity.
Risk Factors for Gum Disease
Insufficient dental hygiene is a common cause of gum disease. If you don’t adequately brush and floss your teeth, this gives bacteria a chance to grow. Smoking and the use of certain medications also increase your risk of gum disease. Type 2 diabetes is a risk factor for gum disease, and women may develop gum disease due correlating with shifts in their hormone levels.
Antibiotics can help to curb the growth of bacteria infecting your gum tissue. Your dentist can also perform planing and root scaling. This helps to eliminate bacteria that are hiding deep near the roots of your teeth. If your periodontal disease has advanced into the bone of your jaws, dental surgery may be needed so that you don’t lose teeth or damage your bone structure. Bone grafting, soft tissue grafts, and pocket reduction surgery may help to restore your dental health.
Call the office of Robert Chester, DDS, today to learn about gum disease and to begin treatment for this dental condition.